DOI: https://doi.org/10.31516/2410-5325.063.25

Інтелігенція, влада та процеси зміновіхівства в Україні

V. M. Sheyko

Анотація


Аналізуються проблеми взаємин старої інтелігенції та влади в Україні наприкінці Української революції 1917–1921 рр. При цьому основна увага приділяється висвітленню ролі процесів зміновіхівства в диференціації настроїв старої інтелігенції, зміні її політичних уподобань стосовно більшовицького режиму в Україні. Показано, що радянський режим переважно силовими методами примушував стару інтелігенцію до співпраці. З’ясовано: зміновіхівство відіграло значну роль у диференціації прошарків старої, переважно емігрантської інтелігенції в її ставленні до радянської влади та культурної й економічної політики.

Ключові слова: культура, стара інтелігенція, Українська революція 1917–1921 рр., радянський режим, зміновіхівство, національний рух, емігрантська інтелігенція.

Повний текст:

PDF

Посилання


Agafonov, A. (1922, September 2). The crackup among the “Smenovekhovtsy”. Proletariy, p. 2. [In Russian].

Conversation with Comrade Kh. G. Rakovsky (1922, July 21). Proletariy, p. 3. [In Russian].

Bondus, P. (1925, January 20). The letter from abroad. People’s Teacher, p. 2-3. [In Ukrainian].

Brutskusa, B. D. (1922). The issues of the national economy under the conditions of the socialist system. Economist, 1, 48–65. [In Russian].

On the national question: the resolution of the 12th Congress of the RCP (b) of April 25, 1923 (1959). Cultural work in the Ukrainian SSR: the most important decisions of the Communist Party and the Soviet government, 1917-1959: collection of documents (Vol. 1: 1917 - June 1941, pp. 201-210). Ministry of Culture of the Ukrainian SSR [and others]. Kyiv. [In Ukrainian].

Visti VUTSVK (1924, January 10), p. 1. [In Ukrainian].

Visti VUTSVK (1924, March 5), p. 2. [In Ukrainian].

The twelfth All-Russian Conference of the RCP (b), Moscow, August 4-7, 1922 (1979). The Communist Party of the Soviet Union in resolutions and decisions of the congresses, conferences and plenums of the Central Committee (1898-1970) (translation of the 8th Russian edition) (Vol. 2, pp. 359-384). Kyiv. [In Ukrainian].

The directives of the Plenum of the Central Committee of the CP(b)U on the national question: the resolution of the Plenum of the Central Committee of the CP (b)U of February 6, approved by the Plenum on October 17, 1922 (1959). Cultural work in the Ukrainian SSR: the most important decisions of the Communist Party and the Soviet government, 1917-1959: collection of documents (Vol. 1: 1917 - June 1941, pp. 149-154). Ministry of Culture of the Ukrainian SSR [and others]. Kyiv. [In Ukrainian].

Foreign newspapers about the Savinkov process. (1924, September 3). Proletariy, p. 1. [In Russian].

History of the Ukrainian SSR (1967). (Vol. 2). Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Institute of History. Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [In Ukrainian].

Repentance of Ataman Tiutiunyk (1923, October 27). Visti VUTSVK , p. 2-3. [In Ukrainian].

Communist (1921, April 4), p. 2. [In Russian].

Communist (1921, October 14), p. 2. [In Russian].

Communist (1924, January 1), p. 2. [In Russian].

Communist (1935, June 10), p. 2. [In Russian].

Counter-revolution under the flag of the autocephalous church: interrogation of the accused V. Chekhovsky (1930, March 18). Proletariy, p. 6. [In Russian].

Koriak, V. (1923, March 25). To the world culture. Visti VUTSVK, p. 2. [In Ukrainian].

Lenin, V.I. (1974). The foreword to I. I. Stepanov’s book “Electrification of the RSFSR in connection with the transition phase of the world economy”. A complete collection of works (translation of the 5th Russian ed.) (Vol. 45, pp. 47-48). Kyiv. [In Ukrainian].

Elimination of Political Banditry in Ukraine (1924, January 1). Proletariy,, p. 2. [In Russian].

Literature, science, art: an addition to the newspaper Visti VUTSVK (1924, January 13), p. 4. [In Ukrainian].

Lutskevych, M. Three emigration anniversaries: (letter from Prague). (1923, December 30). Literature, science, art: an addition to the newspaper Visti VUTSVK, p. 4. [In Ukrainian].

Liubchenko, M. (1921, Nov. 18). A new “sin” or a new “lie”: (Vynnychenko and Ukapistu). Visti VUTSVK, p. 1. [In Ukrainian].

Liubchenko, M. (1922, December 22). The third time of Ukrainian emigration. Visti VUTSVK, p. 1-2. [In Ukrainian].

Meshcheryakov, N. (1921, November 19). More about the “The Change of Signposts”. Pravda, p. 1. [In Russian].

Mikhailik, M. (1930, April 16). Ways of “SVU” (Union of Liberation of Ukraine): terror, uprising, intervention: the end of the speech of comrade Mikhailik, a public prosecutor. Proletariy, p. 2. [In Russian].

At the culture front (1923, December 9). Literature, science, art: an addition to the newspaper Vesti VUSVK, p. 1. [In Ukrainian].

The costs associated with “UNR government” (1922, July 6). Visti VUTSVK, p. 2. [In Ukrainian].

National Question: Resolution of the First All-Ukrainian Meeting of the CP (b)U, May 2-4, 1921 (1959). Cultural work in the Ukrainian SSR: the most important decisions of the Communist Party and the Soviet government, 1917-1959: collection of documents (Vol. 1: 1917 - June 1941, pp. 115-120). Ministry of Culture of the Ukrainian SSR [and others]. Kyiv. [In Ukrainian].

S. Efremov, belated follower of the crushed Ukrainian counterrevolution, an academician from banditry, trying to restore the power of landowners and manufacturers, the organizer of the “SVU” (Union of Liberation of Ukraine), gives testimony before the Supreme Court of workers and peasants of Ukraine (1930, March 12). Proletariy, p. 2. [In Russian].

Pylypenko, S. (1923, January 28). Emigrants’ echo. Visti VUTSVK, p. 2. [In Ukrainian].

Popov, N. (1930, March 11). The convulsions of the Ukrainian counterrevolution. Pravda, pp. 2–3. [In Russian].

Pravda (1922, April 7), p. 3. [In Russian].

Pravda (1923, August 31), p. 1. [In Russian].

The verdict of the Supreme Court of the Ukrainian SSR in the case of “SVU” (Union of Liberation of Ukraine), (1930, April 20). Proletariy, pp. 1–2. [In Russian].

On the next tasks of the party in the national question: resolution of the 10th Congress of the RCP (b) of March 15, 1921 (1959). Cultural work in the Ukrainian SSR: the most important decisions of the Communist Party and the Soviet government, 1917-1959: collection of documents (Vol. 1: 1917 - June 1941, pp. 100-109). Ministry of Culture of the Ukrainian SSR [and others]. Kyiv. [In Ukrainian].

Prof. Hrushevsky in Kiev (1924, March 9). Visti VUTSVK, p. 1. [In Russian].

The repentance of Andriyevskiy, the follower of Petliura (1924, December 24). Proletariy, p. 2. [In Russian].

S.Y. (1922, April 7). The Ukrainian “change of signposts”. Visti VUTSVK, p. 1. [In Ukrainian].

Savinkov, B. (1924, September 13). Why did I recognize the Soviet power?: Boris Savinkov’s letter. Proletariy, p. 2. [In Russian].

The Agricultural Front is calling for: the All-Ukrainian Agronomical Congress (1922, October 21). Communist, p. 3. [In Russian].

Smenovekhovtsy in Kharkov (1922, July 20). Proletariy, p. 3. [In Russian].

Comrade Rakovskyi about “zmіnovіhovtsі” (1922, 21July). Visti VUTSVK, p. 3. [In Ukrainian].

Fedyukin, S.A. (1972). The Great October and the intelligentsia: from the history of the involvement of the old intelligentsia in the development of socialism. The USSR Academy of Sciences, Institute of History of the USSR. Moscow: Nauka. [In Russian].

CSAHAA of Ukraine (Central State Archive of Higher Authorities and Administration of Ukraine), f. 5, s. 1, archive unit 1011. [In Ukrainian].

CSAHAA of Ukraine, f. 331, s. 1, archive unit 438, p.70. [In Ukrainian].

CSAPA of Ukraine (Central State Archive of Public Associations of Ukraine), f. 3, s. 1, archive unit 818, p. 160. [In Ukrainian].

CSAPA of Ukraine, f. 24, s. 1, archive unit 6, p. 2 - reverse side, pp. 3, 4, 5. [In Ukrainian].

CSAPA of Ukraine, f. 29, s. 1, archive unit 390, p. 75. [In Ukrainian].

CSAPA of Ukraine, f. 29, s. 1, archive unit 570, p. 73. [In Ukrainian].

CSAPA of Ukraine, f. 29, s. 1, archive unit 570, p. 744. [In Ukrainian].

CSAPA of Ukraine, f. 29, s. 1, archive unit 573, pp. 200, 201. [In Ukrainian].

CSAPA of Ukraine, f. 29, s. 1, archive unit 584, p. 4. [In Ukrainian].

CSAPA of Ukraine, f. 29, s. 1, archive unit 584, p. 6. [In Ukrainian].

CSAPA of Ukraine, f. 29, s. 1, archive unit 585, p. 34. [In Ukrainian].

CSAPA of Ukraine, f. 3, s. 3-1, archive unit 600, p. 2 reverse side. [In Ukrainian].

The fourth meeting of the Central Committee of the RCP(b) with the executive officers of the national republics and regions, Moscow, June 9-12, 1923 (1979). The Communist Party of the Soviet Union in resolutions and decisions of the congresses, conferences and plenums of the Central Committee (1898-1970) (translation of the 8th Russian edition). (Vol. 2, pp. 466-473). Kyiv. [In Ukrainian].

Chubutskiy, P. (1922). The prerequisites of the real economic policy. Economist, 1, 66–75. [In Russian].




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2522-1140 (Online), ISSN 2410-5325 (Print)
Адреса: 61057, м. Харків, Бурсацький узвіз, 4, к. 38а, Редакційно-видавничий відділ ХДАК. тел. +38(057)731-27-83
rvv2000k@ukr.net